Environment and Ecology, This section contains topics focusing on Environment and Ecology. Aspirants for competitive exams such as UPSC Civil Services, PSC and other competitive exams will surely get benefits from these short, rich and comprehensive notes. The notes prepared here, are crafted from articles published in various prestigious Newspapers by famous writers, thinkers, politicians, bureaucrats, and public figures.

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Air pollution now biggest health risk in India, says report

State of Global AirApprox Read Time: 4 min In News: The State of Global Air, 2020, a report on global exposure to air pollution was recently released by Health Effects Institute (HEI).The report's findings are based on the most recent Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study published in the international medical journal The Lancet.The report focuses on data from 2019, so does not include the impacts of the lockdown policies around the world this year About:…


Celebrating skinks, ZSI lists 62 species in India

Zoological Survey of IndiaApprox Read Time: 2 min In News: A recent publication by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) revealed that India is home to 62 species of skinks and says about 57% of all the skinks found in India (33 species) are endemic. News Summary: Skinks are found in all kinds of habitats in India, from the Himalayas to the coasts and from dense forests to the deserts.Although…


Editorial Analysis: To battle pollution, involve the private sector

Air PollutionApprox Read Time: 4 min Air Pollution Air pollution problem in India: According to IQ Air’s 2019 world air quality report, India is now host to 21 of the 30 most polluted cities of the world.The approach of winter marks the annual return of very high levels of air pollution in north India.Farm fires in some north Indian states, along a rapid increase in activity in sectors such as transport, construction…


8 Indian beaches get coveted ‘Blue Flag’ tag, create record

Blue Flag CertificationApprox Read Time: 4 min Blue Flag Certification In News: Eight Indian beaches have got the coveted ‘Blue Flag’ certification — one of the world’s most recognised awards for clean, safe and environment-friendly beaches. News Summary: Eight Indian beaches have got the coveted ‘Blue Flag’ certification, which are:Shivrajpur (Dwarka, Gujarat)Ghoghla (Diu)Kasarkod and Padubidri (Karnataka)Kappad (Kerala)Rushikonda (Andhra Pradesh)Golden Beach (Puri, Odisha)Radhanagar (Andaman & Nicobar Islands)Union environment ministry had last…


None of 20 biodiversity goals set in ’10 were fully met: UN report

Aichi Biodiversity GoalsApprox Read Time: 4 min Aichi Biodiversity Goals In News: The UN Convention on Biological Diversity has released its fifth Global Biodiversity Outlook report.It is a periodic report that shares the latest data on the status and trends of biodiversity and provides a global summary of the progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.The report is based on a range of indicators, research studies and assessments as well as national reports provided by countries…


World Ozone Day 2020: 35 Years of International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer

World Ozone DayApprox Read Time: 5 min World Ozone Day In News: Recently, World Ozone Day was observed on 16th September. It is celebrated to spread awareness among people about the depletion of the Ozone Layer and to search for possible solutions to preserve it.In December, 1994, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed September 16 as the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer.This was done to commemorate the date,…


Frame rules for disposal of cigarette butts: NGT

Disposal of CigaretteApprox Read Time: 3 min Disposal of Cigarette In News: Following a report filed by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed the board to lay down guidelines pertaining to disposal of cigarette and beedi butts within three months. Cigarette Waste: Each year around 100 billion cigarettes are sold across the country.Cigarette butts are one of the most commonly littered items in urban areas and account for…


Environmental Concerns: Yamuna in need of revival

Yamuna revival planApprox Read Time: 7 min In News: Yamuna revival plan Jal Shakti Ministry is focusing on Yamuna revival plan and conservation as per the recommendations made by the Yamuna monitoring Committee. News Summary: Yamuna revival plan NGT had appointed a Yamuna Monitoring Committee to propose recommendations for conservation of Yamuna.The committee submitted its report "E-flow for the Delhi stretch of the river" in June this year.Now, those recommendations have been forwarded…