Sex ratio up from 918 in 2014-15 to 934 in 2019-20

Improvement in Sex ratio

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Improvement in Sex ratio

In News:

  • As per the ministry of women and child development (WCD), there has been an improvement in sex ratio at birth 934 girls per 1,000 boys in 2019-20
  • The WCD ministry issued the data to mark the National Girl Child Day on 24th of January.

News Summary:

  • As per the ministry of women and child development, there has been an improvement in sex ratio at birth (SRB) 934 girls per 1,000 boys in 2019-20.
  • This represents an improvement of 16 points in sex ratio at birth from 918 girls per 1,000 boys in 2014-15.

Improvements largely attributed to BBBP Scheme:

  • The government has attributed the improvement to awareness and sensitisation efforts under the ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ (BBBP) scheme launched in January 2015.
  • The BBBP scheme was launched by the Centre with the objective of bringing behavioural change in the society towards the rights of girl child.
  • The WCD ministry said that the measures taken under the scheme have resulted in increased awareness and sensitisation of the masses regarding prevalence of gender bias and role of community in eradicating it.
  • Data from the districts:
    • As per data, out of 640 districts covered under the scheme, 422 showed improvement in sex ratio at birth (SRB).
    • Some districts which had very low SRB in 2014-15 have shown huge improvement by 2019-20 after implementation of the scheme.
    • Examples include (From 2014-15 to 2019-20):
      1. Mau (Uttar Pradesh) from 694 to 951
      2. Karnal (Haryana) from 758 to 898
      3. Mahendergarh (Haryana) from 791 to 919
      4. Rewari (Haryana) from 803 to 924
      5. Patiala (Punjab) from 847 to 933

Definitions:

Sex Ratio:
  • Number of girls per 1,000 boys

Sex ratio at birth (SRB):
  • Sex ratio at birth is defined as the number of girls born for every 1000 boys born.
  • It is a more accurate and refined indicator of the extent of prenatal sex selection.

Measures taken by Central Government to improve sex ratio:


Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) programme:
  • Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) was launched by the Prime Minister in 2015 as a comprehensive scheme that promotes the girl child’s empowerment.
  • It is a tri-ministerial effort of:
    • Ministry of Women & Child Development (MWCD)
    • Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) and
    • Human Resource Development (MoHRD)
  • Objectives:
    • Prevent gender based sex selective abortion
    • Ensure the survival and protection of the girl child
    • Provide education and promote the participation of the girl child
  • The scheme has a two-pronged strategy comprising:
    • Media, Advocacy and Outreach
    • Multi-Sectoral Action

National Girl Child Day:
  • The National Girl Child Day is celebrated in India every year on January 24.
  • It aims to promote awareness on a range of issues including education, health, and nutrition.
  • The theme of 2019 National Girl Child Day: “Empowering Girls for a Brighter Tomorrow”.
  • It was first initiated in 2008 by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

Dhanalakshmi Scheme:
  • The scheme has introduced various measures to strengthen the status of the girl child in the society.
  • The ‘Dhanalakshmi’ scheme ensures that basic needs of the girl child such as immunization, birth registration and school maintenance are taken care of till Class 8.

Measures to stop various injustices to girl child includes:
  • Prohibition of Child Marriage Restraint Act 2006
  • Pre- Conception & Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC&PNDT) Act 1994
  • Domestic Violence Act 2009
  • POCSO Act 2012

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