India, Uzbekistan sign 9 pacts, vows to fight terror

India, Uzbekistan sign 9 pacts

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India, Uzbekistan sign 9 pacts
India, Uzbekistan sign 9 pacts

In News:

  • Indian PM Narendra Modi and Uzbekistan President Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed nine MoU during the first ever bilateral virtual summit.

News Summary:

  • India and Uzbekistan held talks on the Afghan peace process, combating terrorism together and confirmation by India on a $448 million line of credit.
  • Both sides emphasized on an Afghan led and Afghan controlled peace process and plan to cooperate on connectivity projects in Afghanistan.
  • Uzbekistan has proposed a Trilateral Dialogue with Iran to connect the Afghan city of Herat with the Afghan border and further Chabahar port through a joint railway project. The Indian side has requested Uzbekistan to consider joining the Eurasian International North-South Corridor which is at present under-utilized.
  • Importance of enhancing cooperation in defence and combating terrorism by destroying safe havens and chocking financial routes was emphasized on. India and Uzbekistan in 2019 held their first joint military exercise: Dustlik-2019.

About: The MoU signed

  • The agreements signed aimed at further expanding the India-Uzbekistan relations in areas like new and renewable energy, cyber security, digital technologies and sharing of information.
  • India confirmed a $448 million Line of credit for four developmental projects in Uzbekistan in areas of information technology, road construction and sewerage treatment.
  • A Joint Feasibility Study for negotiations on a Preferential Trade Agreement between the two sides is being conducted to enhance the potential in trade relations which stand at US $ 285 Million (2018).

About: India-Uzbekistan bilateral relations

Political Relations:
  • The Consulate General of India was inaugurated in Tashkent in 1987 and upgraded to an Embassy in 1992, after Uzbekistan’s independence.
  • The Tashkent Declaration after the Indo-Pak war of 1965 was signed in Tashkent, Uzbekistan in 1966 by former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and he died there soon after, becoming the first Indian Prime Minister to die overseas.
  • India and Uzbekistan have signed many agreements in the areas of science and technology, civil aviation, trade and investment, IT and the 2019 Security Cooperation Agreement.
Economic and Trade Relations:
  • India and Uzbekistan trade relations are governed by the Agreement on Trade and Economic Cooperation, 1993 and provide for a mutual MFN status.
  • In 1993, India and Uzbekistan had signed an Agreement on Avoidance of Double Taxation and in 1999 for Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection.
  • India’s export to Uzbekistan stood at US $ 261.3 Million (2018) and consists mainly of Pharmaceutical products and mechanical equipments.
  • India’s imports from Uzbekistan stood at US $ 23.3 Million (2018) and consist of fruits, vegetables and fertilizers.
Cultural Relations:
  • The cultural relations between India and Uzbekistan dates back to ancient times with Kamboja, being mentioned frequently in Pali and Sanskrit literature comprising parts of present day Uzbekistan.
  • Babur, Amir Khusro and Mirza Ghalib were prominent personalities of Uzbek parentage who influenced art, architecture and culture of medieval India.
  • An India- Uzbekistan Centre for information technology was inaugurated in Tashkent University in 2006 for imparting training to government officials and students.
  • Uzbekistan is a partner of India’s ITEC Programme since 1993-1994 and various scholarships are offered to Uzbek nationals including study of Hindi at the Kendriya Hindi Sansthan, Agra.

Also Read: Governance Bytes: Feni River MoU Between India-Bangladesh

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