Public Welfare Programmes: (NADCP and NAIP)

Published on 17-Sept-2019 – NADCP and NAIP

National Animal Disease Control Programme & National Artificial Insemination Programme (NADCP and NAIP)

Approx Read Time: 3 minutes

In News (NADCP and NAIP) :

  • PM Modi launched the National Animal Disease Control Programme (NACDP) to control and eradicate the Foot & Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis amongst the livestock in the country, at Mathura today.
  • PM also launched the National Artificial Insemination Programme and a countrywide workshop in all the Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) in all the 687 districts of the country on vaccination and disease management, Artificial Insemination and Productivity.
  • PM also launched the Swachhta Hi Seva Programme with a focus on reducing the usage of Single-Use Plastic in the country.
  • PM also launched several other programmes concerning Livestock Health, Nutrition, and Dairy Farming.

Way Forward:

  • PM said, “Environment and Livestock were always at the core of India’s economic thought and philosophy. And hence be it Swachh Bharat or Jal Jeevan Mission or promoting Agriculture & Animal Husbandry we always try to maintain a balance between Nature and Economy. And this is what enables us to build a strong new India.”
  • We should look for cheaper and easier alternatives for polythene bags, through our Start-Ups .
  • Animal Husbandry and other allied activities have a greater role to play in increasing the farmers’ income. Investments in Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, bee-keeping, etc. bring in more returns”.
  • We need to find an appropriate solution for the regular supply of green fodder and nutritious diet to the livestock.
  • Innovation and new technology is the need of the hour, to expand the Dairy Sector in India

About National Animal Disease Control Programme:

  •  Objectives:
    1. Aimed at doubling farmers income, the NADCP is for eradicating Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis in livestock from Mathura, Indian farmers’ most valuable source of additional income.
    2. The programme will vaccinate over 600 million cattle in the country in an effort to mitigate the two diseases.
    3. The programme also aims at vaccinating 36 Million Female Bovine Calves annually in its fight against the Brucellosis disease. The Livestock including cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and pigs.
    4. The Programme has two componentsto control the diseases by 2025 and eradication by 2030.

Funding:

  • The Programme is of Rs.12,652 Crore, fully Central Government sponsored.

Need:

  • The disease of FMD and brucellosis are common among livestock such as cow, buffaloes, bulls, pigs, sheep, and goats.
  • Both diseases have a direct negative impact on the trade of milk and other livestock products.
  • As per government data, if a cow or buffalo gets infected with FMD, the milk loss is up to 100% which could last for 4 to 6 months.
  • In the case of Brucellosis, the milk output reduces by 30% during the entire life cycle of animal and also causes infertility among animals.
  • Also, the infection of brucellosis can also be transmitted to farmworkers and livestock owners

About Swachhta Hi Seva Programme:

  • A massive countrywide awareness and mobilization campaign on Swachhata launched at Mathura.
  • Special focus on ‘plastic waste awareness and management’ is being organized from 11th September to October 2nd, 2019.
  • As the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) is poised to dedicate an ODF India to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary. The launch of SHS was organized jointly by the central Departments of Animal Husbandry and Dairying and Drinking Water and Sanitation and the Government of Uttar Pradesh.
  • This year’s Swachhata Hi Seva will see mass awareness generation activities on:
    • Plastic waste management between 11th September to 1st October.
    • Nationwide Shramdaan for plastic waste collection and segregation on 2nd October.
    • Recycling and effective disposal of the collected plastic waste from 3rd October to Diwali

Objectives:

  • Accelerate the momentum of Swachh Bharat in the run-up to its 4th anniversary.
  • Re-energize the Swachh Bharat Jan Andolan and lay down the foundation of sustainability.
  • Reinforce the concept of “Sanitation as everyone’s business”.
  • Commence Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th birth year celebrations with a nationwide campaign.

About the National Artificial Insemination Programme:

  • Under the programme, the sperm is collected from the male, processed, stored and artificially introduced into the female reproductive tract for the purpose of conception

Objectives:

  1. To increase the yielding capacity of cows.
  2. For the production of herd replacements.
  3. Enhancing animal productivity, especially milk yields.
  4. Revolutionize animal breeding in India.

Need:

  • To decrease the risk of spreading sexually transmitted diseases or genetic defects through AI.
  • It provides economical means for livestock growers to breed their male having the very desirable trait and reduce the cost of keeping bull during AI.
  • It eventually would help in doubling farmers income by 2022.

Also Read: Environmental Concerns: (Drought Toolbox)

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