National Jal Jeevan MissionApprox Read Time: 5 min
In News: National Jal Jeevan Mission
- Over 3 crore rural households have been provided tap connections under the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) since it started in 2019.
- Jal Shakti Ministry’s data shows that over 3 crore rural households have been provided tap connections under the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) since it started in 2019.
- The Ministry credited the success primarily to the people of the villages, Gram Panchayats, PaaniSamitis, public health authorities and other stakeholders.
- The Jal Jeevan Mission is following an inclusive approach and mandates involvement of rural women in the Village Water and Sanitation committee/Paani Samitis to ensure their participation in overall planning and preparation of the village action plans (VAPs).
- Under this mission, 5 women per village are trained to test the quality of water using Field Testing Kits (FTKs), so as to ensure supply of quality drinking water through these connections.
Har Ghar Jal:
- JJM seeks to achieve piped water connections to each and every rural household with an approach ensuring – ‘No one is left out’.
- So far, 27 Districts, 458 blocks, over 33000 Gram Panchayats, over 66,000 Villages have achieved “HarGhar Jal”.
- Goa became the first state to provide 100% piped connection.
- States of Telangana, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, UTs of Puducherry and Andaman & Nicobar are close to achieving 100% coverage.
About: Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)
- The Jal Jeevan Mission was announced by the Central Government in August 2019.
- The main objective of the Mission is to provide piped water supply (Har Ghar Jal) to all rural households by 2024.
- It is also referred to as Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC).
Vision of JJM:
- Drinking water supply in adequate quantity and prescribed quality for every rural household.
- The water supply should be regular and long-term at affordable service delivery charges leading to improvement in living standards of rural communities.
Mission of JJM:
- Jal Jeevan Mission is to assist, empower and facilitate:
- States/ UTs in planning of participatory rural water supply strategy for ensuring potable drinking water security on long-term basis to every rural household and public institution.
- States/ UTs for creation of water supply infrastructure so that every rural household has Functional Tap Connection (FHTC) by 2024.
- States/ UTs to plan for their drinking water security.
- GPs/ rural communities to plan, implement, manage, own, operate and maintain their own in-village water supply systems.
Broad Objectives of the JJM:
- To provide Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural household by 2024.
- To prioritize provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
- To provide functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, GP buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings.
- To monitor functionality of tap connections.
- To promote and ensure voluntary ownership among local community by way of contribution in cash, kind and/ or labour and voluntary labour (shramdaan).
Executing Agency of JJM:
- Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Jal Shakti Ministry is the executing agency of the mission.
- The Mission will focus on both demand and supply side water management at the local level.
- It will also focus on creation of local infrastructure like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture.
- It will converge with other ongoing Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives.
Funding of the Mission:
- The JJM has a five-year budget of Rs 3.6 lakh crore. It had expected to get this money through a convergence of financing sources.
- Various financing sources for JJM:
- Direct budgetary allocations
- Funds from Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA) and the Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAMPA) to create sustainable water sources.
- Corporate social responsibility, community donations and parliamentarians’ funds for local area development to be used for the village-level infrastructure.
- The Finance Commission’s grants for panchayats would be used for grey water management and operation and maintenance of the water supply system.
Components under JJM:
- Development of in-village piped water supply infrastructure to provide tap water connection to every rural household.
- Development of reliable drinking water sources and/ or augmentation of existing sources to provide long-term sustainability of water supply.
- Wherever necessary, bulk water transfer, treatment plants and distribution network to cater to every rural household.
- Technological interventions for removal of contaminants where water quality is an issue.
- Retrofitting of completed and ongoing schemes to provide FHTCs at minimum service level of 55 lpcd.
- Greywater management.
- Any other unforeseen challenges/ issues emerging due to natural disasters/ calamities which affect the goal of FHTC to every household by 2024.
Why JJM is needed?
- Decreasing Water Availability: The per capita water availability in 2011 in India was 1,545 cubic metre. This makes India a water stressed country.
- Household water supply: Out of the nearly 19 crore rural households in the country, only 3.2 crore had access to piped water supply till 2019.
- Water Quality: As per NITI Aayog, about 70% of piped water supply in India is contaminated. This puts a huge pressure of health of people.
- JJM aims to solve these challenges.