New Bhaupur – New Khurja Section of Eastern Dedicated Freight CorridorApprox Read Time: 5 min
- Prime Minister recently inaugurated the 351-km ‘New Bhaupur- New Khurja section’ in Uttar Pradesh of the Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC).
- He also inaugurated the EDFC’s Operation Control Centre (OCC) at Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh.
- The OCC will be the command centre for the entire route of the EDFC and will control and monitor all systems, including train operation and power supply system.
- It is said to be one of the largest control centres in the world.
Dedicated Freight Corridor:
- The Dedicated Freight Corridor consists of two arms – Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC) and Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (WDFC).
- The over 1800-km long Eastern DFC starts at Sohnewal (Ludhiana) in Punjab and ends at Dankuni in West Bengal. It passes through Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkhand.
- The other arm is Western DFC of around 1500 km, from Dadri in Uttar Pradesh to Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Mumbai, touching all major ports along the way. It passes through the states of Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra.
- There is also a section under construction between Dadri and Khurja to connect the Eastern and Western arms.
- The DFC is being constructed by the Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL). DFCCIL has been set up as a special purpose vehicle to build and operate dedicated freight corridors.
- The World Bank is funding majority of the EDFC and the WDFC is being funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency.
Need of DFC:
- Farms, industries as well as markets all are dependent on freight movement and the railways have always played a big role in it.
- Currently passenger and freight trains run on the same track, due to which passenger trains are stopped at stations to allow the freight trains to pass.
- This not only leads to delay of passenger trains, but also for freight trains due to lower speeds and frequent stops, which increases the cost of freight movement.
Benefits of DFC:
- Around 70% of the freight trains currently running on the Indian Railway network will shift to the freight corridors after its completion and freight trains will run three times faster on the DFC.
- This will improve the punctuality of passenger trains as well as freight trains and create space for more passenger trains.
- As tracks on DFC are designed to carry heavier loads, they will be able to transport twice the amount of freight by running double-decker trains.
- Since freight trains will reach on time and carry more load, it will bring down the transportation costs, leading to reduction in cost of various goods.
- The boost in connectivity with the development of the freight corridor will also help Kisan Rail and farmers to transport their harvest on time.
- It will also increase the ease of doing business and attract greater foreign investment.
Benefits of the new section (New Bhaupur-New Khurja section):
- The newly opened section will help to decongest (reduce the load) on the existing Kanpur-Delhi main line and enable trains to run faster. The Kanpur-Delhi main line currently handles trains at 150% of its line capacity.
- 68 existing level crossings have been eliminated on this section to improve speed. This makes it the only major section on Indian Railways that is free from any permanent or temporary speed restrictions.
- This can be used as an example for rest of the DFC, to make stretches free from speed restrictions, or “cautions” as they are termed in Railways.
- The new section will support the freight traffic originating from key centres such as Kanpur Dehat, Aurayia, Etawah, Firozabad, Hathras, Aligarh and Bulandshahar.
- It will help the existing industrial areas of Aligarh, Khurja, Firozabad, Agra and Bhaupur to become major growth centres of the area.
- Work is in progress on different sections of the DFC and they are at different stages of completion.
- Several sections are expected to begin operations in the next two years.