Governance Bytes: PM launched Atal Bhujal scheme

PM launched Atal Bhujal scheme

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PM launched Atal Bhujal scheme
PM launched Atal Bhujal scheme

In News: (PM launched Atal Bhujal scheme)

  • The Prime Minister launched the Atal Bhujal scheme to strengthen the institutional framework for participatory groundwater management.
  • The Prime Minister has also released the operational guidelines for Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) issued by the drinking water department.
  • He also urged farmers to opt for less water intensive crops and irrigation methods that will help conserve water and ultimately fulfil the objectives of ‘Jal Jeevan Mission’.
  • The PM also flagged a provision under the mission where the government will send money directly into the account of village-level special committee once the plan gets implemented in the village.

About: Atal Bhujal Yojana

  • The Prime Minister also launched the Atal Bhujal scheme to strengthen the institutional framework for participatory groundwater management.
  • It also intends to bring about behavioral changes at the community level for sustainable groundwater resource management in seven States and would pay special attention to those areas where groundwater was very low.
  • The scheme will be implemented in about 8,350 water stressed gram panchayats in 78 districts of Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.

Financial Outlay:

  • Of the total outlay of Rs 6,000 crore to be provided from 2020-21 to 2024-25, 50% will be in the form of World Bank loan to be repaid by the Central government.
  • The remaining part will be made available via Central assistance from regular budgetary support.
  • The entire World Bank’s loan component and the Central assistance will be passed on to the States as grants.
  • To incentivize gram panchayats, the Prime Minister said those with better performance would be given more allocation under the scheme.

About: Jal Jeevan Mission

  • Jal Jeevan Mission is a central government initiative under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, which was announced by the PM Modi on the 73rd Independence Day.
  • The programme aims to implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, and rain water harvesting.
  • Based on a community approach to water, the mission will include information, education and communication as key components.
  • The mission is meant to create a people’s movement for water, making it everyone’s priority.

Har Ghar Jal:

  • The Jal Jeevan Mission aims to provide all households in rural India safe and adequate water through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTCs) by 2024. The scheme was announced by the Finance Minister in Budget 2019-20.
  • For proper use of water, reducing water wastage and improving ease of living of women and girls, three taps may be provided, viz. at kitchen, washing and bathing area and in the toilet.
  • Following the Swachh Bharat Mission model, the government will also have a centralized dashboard for live updates of the coverage.

Institutional Mechanism:

  • To implement the JJM, there will be institutional mechanism at four levels – national, state, district and at gram panchayat or its sub-committees.
  • The 73rd Amendment to the Constitution of India has placed the subject of drinking water in the Eleventh Schedule and has assigned its management to Panchayats. Keeping this in view, under JJM, Gram Panchayats and local community will play the pivotal role in planning, implementation, management, operation and maintenance of in-village water supply systems including drinking water sources.
  • The scheme will be driven by panchayats, village water and sanitation committee (VWSC), paani samitis or user groups in villages to ensure rural households get 55 litres per person per day (LPPD) within the deadline.
  • Village Action Plan (VAP): VAP will be prepared by Gram Panchayat or its sub-committee, i.e. VWSC/ Paani Samiti/ User Group, etc. with support from government agencies. It will need to be approved by at least 80% households in a village for implementation.
  • The paani samiti or the user group will decide about the user fee for sustainability of the scheme. To ensure women play a bigger role, the policy guidelines said 50% of the members of these samitis will have to be women.
  • There will be equal representation of elected panchayat members and representatives from SC/ST community for rest 50% of the members in the committee.

55 Litres per person per day:

  • Currently 3.3 Crore rural households out of 17.9 Crore have tap connection.
  • Reverification & baseline data to be ready by March 2020.
  • Complying with BIS standard, scheme to ensure 55 LPPD drinking water.
  • At least 80% of households in a village has to accept the scheme for its implementation and contribution towards it.
  • Total Investment: Rs. 3.6 lakh Crore i.e. Rs 2.09 lakh Cr by Centre & Rs. 1.51 lakh Cr by States.
  • Panchayat/paani samiti to decide user fee per household.

Sub Schemes under Har Ghar Jal scheme:

  • There will different sub-schemes for implementation of the massive programme.
  • The first will be retrofitting of completed rural water supply schemes to make them Har Ghar Jal compliant.
  • The other two methodologies will be:
    1. Single village scheme (SVS) in villages where adequate groundwater or surface water source is available.
    2. Multi village scheme where water grids/ regional water supply scheme has to be rolled out.

Also Read: Governance Concerns: Laws for minors: CAA protest

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