Global Bytes: Rankings of gram panchayats

Rankings of gram panchayats

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Rankings of gram panchayats

In News:

  • The 2019 rankings of gram panchayats under the Mission Antyodaya scheme have been released.

News Summary:

  • Tamil Nadu’s Molugamboondi has topped the 2019 rankings of gram panchayats in the country, scoring high on implementation of development and infrastructure programmes under the Mission Antyodaya scheme.
  • While in 2017 and 2018, the villages were ranked on the basis of 46 parameters, the scale has been widened to 112 parameters for 2019.
  • According to a senior official, the 2019 rankings are provisional as the process of assessing the panchayats is still on.
  • A total of 2.4 lakh panchayats are to be ranked, with around 2.1 lakh completed.

Survey under Mission Antyodaya:

  • Annual survey in Gram Panchayats (GPs) across the country is an important aspect of Mission Antyodaya framework.
  • The basic unit of the Survey is GPs/ villages.
  • It is carried out coterminous with the People’s Plan Campaign (PPC) of Ministry of Panchayat Raj and its’ purpose is to lend support to the process of participatory planning for Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP).
  • The questionnaires designed for Mission Antyodaya survey are classified as Part A and Part B.
  • Part A deals primarily with the availability of the infrastructures under 29 subjects mentioned in the 11th schedule of the Constitution.
  • Whereas, Part B deals with the services availed by the rural poor under sectors like health, nutrition, social security, water management and efficiency for a decent living.
  • Data on 29 transferred subjects at GP-level are used for generating GP-wise ranking and Gap Reports.
  • While the ranking exercise would provide some understanding over the relative success of convergent planning at GP-level, the Gap Reports serves as critical inputs for the GPDP planning.

Findings:

  • The second rank has gone to Bambhaniya GP of Bhavnagar in Gujarat while four more Gujarat panchayats are tied for third ranking. One in Maharashtra, two each of Punjab and Tamil Nadu, and five Gujarat panchayats are tied at fourth ranking.
  • It marks a major change from the 2018 ranking table when 49 out of 50 gram panchayats in the top six rankings were from Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, with one from Patan in Gujarat being the sole exception.
  • The top panchayat from Chhattisgarh is Mura in Raigarh while that from Andhra Pradesh is Inamadugu in SPSR Nellore, and from Karnataka it is Nandagad in Belagavi — all tied at fifth slot.
  • Kerala figures first at the sixth slot with Athirampuzha panchayat in Kottayam district. Meghalaya’s Jangnapara falling in South West Garo Hills figures at 7th slot, which it shares with 36 other panchayats.
  • As many as 269 panchayats from just 15 states are ranked in the top 10 places. Gujarat has the maximum entries with 99, followed by Punjab with 66, Kerala with 69 and Tamil Nadu with 21.
  • In contrast, large states like Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Telangana have just one panchayat each in top 10 places, while Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal have two panchayats each.

About: Mission Antyodaya

  • Mission Antyodaya was adopted in Union Budget 2017-18, to realize the vision of poverty-free India by 2022.
  • It is a convergence and accountability framework aiming to bring optimum use and management of resources allocated by 27 Ministries/ Department of the Union Government under various programmes for the development of rural areas.
  • It is envisaged as a state-led initiative with Gram Panchayats as focal points of convergence efforts.
  • Objectives:
    • Ensuring effective use of resources through convergence of various Government Schemes with Gram Panchayats as the basic unit of planning.
    • Work with a focused micro plan for sustainable livelihood for every deprived household.
    • Conduct an annual survey on measurable outcomes at Gram Panchayat level to monitor the progress in the development process across rural areas.
    • Supporting the process of participatory planning for Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP), which will improve service delivery, enhance citizenship, create pace for an alliance of people’s institutions and groups and improve governance at the local level.
    • Encourages partnerships with network of professionals, institutions and enterprises to further accelerate the transformation of rural livelihoods.

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