Published on 05-Sept-2019 – Vladivostok meet
India-Russia leaders at Vladivostok meetApprox Read Time: 7 minutes
In News (Vladivostok meet):
- PM Narendra Modi paid an official visit to the Russian Federation on September4-5, 2019 on the invitation of President of the Russia Mr. Vladimir Putin.
- The 20th India – Russia Annual Summit was held in Vladivostok.
- PM Narendra Modi also participated in the 5th Eastern Economic Forum as the Chief Guest.
- India and Russia signed 15 agreements/MoUs in areas such as defense, air, and maritime connectivity, energy, natural gas, petroleum, and trade.
India’s participation in 5th Eastern Economic Forum:
- In Vladivostok, Mr. Modi participated as the chief guest at the 5th Eastern Economic Forum at the invitation of President Putin.
- The forum focuses on the development of business and investment opportunities in the Russian Far East Region and presents enormous potential for developing close and mutually beneficial cooperation between India and Russia in the region.
- PM met other global leaders attending the Eastern Economic Forum and interacted with Indian Industry and business representatives participating in it. He will also have bilateral meetings with PMs of Japan, Malaysia, and Mongolia.
News Summary (Vladivostok meet):
- Both leaders noted the progressive development of the Special and Privileged Strategic Partnership between India and Russia.
- Both sides aimed at finding new horizons of bilateral cooperation in areas like:
- Oil and Gas.
- Nuclear energy.
- Maritime connectivity.
- Both sides welcomed cooperation in:
- Political ties:
- Temporary placement of skilled manpower from India to Far East Russia.
- To cooperate with Russia in the Arctic.
- Natural diamonds, agriculture, Cultural Exchange Program.
- Education and Joint research in science and technology.
- India welcomed the Russian Side’s initiative to hold the Second International Tiger Conservation Forum in 2022 (also called the Second Tiger Summit, the first Summit was held in Saint-Petersburg in 2010).
- Trade & Economic ties:
- Multifaceted trade and economic cooperation.
- Recent opening of the Far East Investment and Export Agency’s office in Mumbai.
- Development of the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC). The major thrust in the INSTC is to secure freight volumes, upgrade and improve the transport and logistics services provided, simplify document workflow and switch to electronic document workflow, introduce digital technologies and satellite navigation into the transportation process.
- Joint manufacturing in India of spare parts.
- Nuclear & Non-nuclear ties:
- Civil nuclear cooperation-construction of the remaining four of the six nuclear power plants at Kudankulam.
- Non-nuclear fuel and energy extracting hydrocarbon & timely delivery of LNG, the supply of coking coal from Russian Far East to India.
- Geological exploration and joint development of oil and gas fields in Russia and India, including offshore fields.
- Space & Defense ties:
- Aviation and space-development and production of civil aircraft.
- Increased cooperation between “Roscosmos” and ISRO, including the human spaceflight programs and satellite navigation.
- Political ties:
- Both of the sides called for reform of the UNSC to reflect contemporary global realities and to make it more representative, effective and efficient in dealing with issues of international peace and security.
- India has categorically told the international community that the dilution of Article 370 was an internal matter and advised Pakistan to accept the reality.
- To support India’s candidacy for the permanent membership of a reformed UN Security Council.
- To take the bilateral trade from the current $11 billion to $30 billion by 2025.
- To strengthen multisectoral partnership within BRICS and agreed to extend full support to the success of the 11th BRICS Summit to be held in Brazil in November 2019.
- Recognize the effectiveness and great potential of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).
- Increasing the effectiveness of countering terrorism, extremism, drug trafficking, cross-border organized crime, and information security threats, in particular by improving the functionality of the SCO Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure.
- Promote expansion of economic cooperation within the SCO, primarily in transport and logistics, infrastructure, science, technology and innovation to build a greater, equitable open and mutually beneficial cooperation in the Eurasian space.
- Support increased the role of the SCO in international affairs, comprehensive development of the Organization’s contacts with the UN and its specialized agencies.
- Expressed concern over the possibility of an arms race in outer space and outer space turning into an arena for military confrontation.
- Supported strengthening of the Biological and Toxins Weapons Convention (BTWC) including by adopting a protocol to the convention providing for, inter alia, an international, non-discriminatory and effective compliance verification mechanism.
- Support to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which has contributed to effective implementation of the provisions of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC).
- Recognized the importance of full and effective implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on the Iranian Nuclear Programme (JCPOA) in the context of securing regional and international peace, security and stability, and reaffirmed their full commitment to the United Nations Security Council resolution 2231.
- India and Russia are against “outside influence” in the internal matters of any nation.
- To open a maritime route between Chennai and Vladivostok to ensure connectivity between the two countries.